How Nelson Mandela Used Advocacy
by Letters 4 the Damned
CLEVELAND, Ohio – Born on July 18, 1918 into the royal family of the Thembu tribe where his father was chief, Nelson Mandela began a life of leadership at an early age. At nine years old Mandela, then known as Rolihlahla, was adopted by a high-ranking member of the Thembu regent who began to prepare Mandela for a role as a tribal leader. Mandela would go on to end the apartheid government in South Africa and champion causes including human rights and poverty.
In the 1940’s, Mandela became a leader for the African National Congress, or ANC – a political party – and oversaw peaceful protests and eventually armed resistance against the discriminatory apartheid government. In 1949, the ANC adopted the ANCYL plan in an attempt to achieve full citizenship for all South Africans. The plan utilized several strategies including boycotts, strikes and other forms of nonviolent civil disobedience.
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